Friday, October 1, 2010

Henri Matisse and German Expressionism

Henri Matisse, Madame Matisse

Henri Matisse, Harmony in Red

Henri Matisse, The Dance

Henri Matisse, The Red Studio

Henri Matisse, The Open Window

Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, Self Portrait with Model

Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, The Street

Erich Heckel, Crouching Figure, sculpture

Emil Nolde, Christ Among the Children

Gustav Klimt, Athena

Gustav Klimt, Justice (destroyed)

Egon Schiele, Self Portrait with Webbed Fingers

Oskar Kokoschka, Portrait of Adolph Loos

Oskar Kokoschka, The Bride of the Wind


"Luxe, Calme, et Volupte"


Die Brucke (The Bridge)
--EL Kirchner
--Emil Nolde

Viennese Expressionism
--Gustav Klimt
--Egon Schiele
--Oskar Kokoschka

Read Chapter 5 (for Matisse), and Chapter 6 (German Expressionism; read the section on Die Br├╝cke).

Expressionism and the Movies

After the First World War, film directors in Central and Eastern Europe looked to German Expressionist artists for inspiration, for a new way to visually tell stories, and to affect the emotions of movie-goers.

The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari, 1919

The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari was the first Expressionist movie, and one of the first horror films. It is the story of a murderous sleepwalker kept by a sinister sideshow magician, Dr. Caligari. The wildly distorted sets, inspired by the work of artists like Kirchner and Karl Schmitt-Rotluff, play a role that becomes apparent toward the end of the movie. All is not what it seems to be, as it turns out. The whole story is the vision of a paranoid obsessive. The exaggerated set suggests the world seen through the eyes of a madman.